Does the City of Cleveland's Law Requiring People to Obtain a Permit to Remain in Public Square Overnight Violate Free Speech?
City of Cleveland v. Erin McCardle and Leatrice Tolls, Case no. 2013-0096
Eighth District Court of Appeals (Cuyahoga County)
ISSUE: Is Cleveland's ordinance requiring a permit to conduct an activity between 10 p.m. and 5 a.m. in Public Square a constitutional, content-neutral restriction on the area's use that is narrowly tailored to meet a significant government interest and allowing for alternative channels of communication, or does the law violate the constitutional rights to freedom of speech and assembly?